There’s been a bit of a stir in the press about the return of the Plague! Actually, it seems that this dreadful disease, which decimated populations in London and all over Europe in the 14th century and then again in the 17th century, has never gone away – it has just been lying low.
- droplet contact – coughing or sneezing on another person
- direct physical contact – touching an infected person, including sexual contact
- indirect contact – usually by touching soil contamination or a contaminated surface
- airborne transmission – if the microorganism can remain in the air for long periods
- fecal-oral transmission – usually from contaminated food or water sources
- vector borne transmission – carried by insects or other animals.
This little fellow was the cause of our historic pandemics – carrying the bacterium around and infecting black rats which infested the streets of London.